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Eid Al Adha is on Sunday, August 11, 2019.

On that morning, MCC holds one early service at the Muslim Community Center and two services with the San Ramon masjid congregation at the Alameda County Fairgrounds in Pleasanton.

 

THREE EID PRAYER SERVICES*

First Prayer: 7 a.m.
LocationMCC East Bay

Second Prayer: 9 a.m.
LocationAlameda County Fairgrounds in Pleasanton**

Third Prayer: 10:30 a.m.
LocationAlameda County Fairgrounds in Pleasanton**

*The takbeerat begins 15 minutes prior to each prayer, which begin promptly.

 

**At Fairgrounds, please factor extra time to walk from parking lot to prayer venue and bring your own prayer mat. The reserved Fairgrounds Eid prayer area is indoors and air conditioned. $10 parking per car. Shuttles provided to take from parking lot to prayer venue.

At these unified MCC-SRVIC Tri-Valley Eid services, we will have bouncy houses and carnival games for children and food/drink vendors following both services.

Please remember that the Khutbah (sermon) follows each prayer so please pay attention attentively. The reserved prayer area at the Fairgrounds is temperature controlled.

Please also fast us on the blessed day of Arafat on Saturday, August 10 and join us at the MCC for a complimentary Iftar dinner and program. RSVP

RESOURCES:

Guide for First Ten Days of Dhul Hijjah
The Eid Takbeers (pdf version) – please save on your phone so you can pull up while at the Fairgrounds.
The Eid Takbeers (one hour audio loop) – please play in your vehicle while on the way to the prayers.
Virtues of First Ten Days – Imam Dawood Yasin talks about merits in this video and Shaykh Faraz Khan talks about virtues in this video

The new crescent moon of Dhul HIjjah was sighted on the evening of Thursday, August 1. MCC follows traditional moonsighting that relies on regional, verifiable naked-eye sighting of the new crescent moon. 
For those worshipers attending one of the two prayer services at the Fairgrounds, please remember to bring:
  • A prayer rug or sheet with you. We’ll be praying in an indoor facility at the Fairgrounds with air conditioning.
  • A (plastic/tote) bag to keep your shoes with you for the duration of the service.
  • Bring your own (re-usable) water bottle to keep hydrated.

Eid Day Parking & Prayer Volunteers Needed

We’ll need a lot of people to volunteer to help ensure everything runs smoothly for Eid prayer. If you are free and interested to assist with the second and third services at Alameda County Fairgrounds, please let us know. 

Eid Al-Adha Bazaar 2019

MCC will also host an Eid bazar with several community vendors from 3 p.m. to 8 p.m. on Friday, August 9. Details

The Month of Dhul Hijjah – What a Muslim Should Do

What is Dhul Hijjah?

Dhul Hijjah is the name of the last month in the Islamic lunar calendar. It literally means: “the time of Hajj”.

Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam and constitutes the pilgrimage to Makkah, which every Muslim must perform at least once in their lifetime, if they are able to undertake it. That is what makes this month so special: it is the month in which the Pilgrimage takes place.

The First Ten Days

The first ten days are considered to be special in Islam. Allah created time and made some times to be better than others, where rewards are multiplied. This encourages people to do more good deeds and renew their zeal to worship Allah. It is similar to a farmer who works extra hard to plant crops during certain seasons because those times of the year will yield better results. The Prophet said regarding Dhul Ḥijjah, “There are no other days in which actions are better than in these ten days.”[1]

Therefore, it is recommended to increase in good deeds. Fast on as many of these days as possible, like the Prophet Muhammad did.[2] Pray in the masjid more often. Read more Qur’an, and reflect on it. Give more charity. Visit people who are sick. Be extra careful not to gossip, use profanity, or insult others.

Technically, the tenth day is the day of Eid, which is a celebration. It is not allowed to fast on this day. So when ‘ten days’ are mentioned, it actually means the first nine days of the month.

Cutting Hair and Nails

Some scholars hold that a person should not cut their nails or hair during these first ten days of Dhul Ḥijjah. That is because of the report that the Prophet Muhammad said: “Whoever sights the crescent for the month of Dhul Ḥijjah and intends to sacrifice an animal should cut neither his hair nor his nails.”[3] Imam Nawawī says that the wisdom behind this could be that a person who is offering a sacrifice wants to resemble a person performing Hajj since it is about sacrifice, so they refrain from cutting the hair and nails to further the resemblance [since pilgrims to Makkah are also not allowed to cut].[4]

However, there is another report about the Prophet by his wife ʿĀ’ishah that: “…the Prophet sent a sacrificial animal to the Kaʿbah [while residing at Madīnah] but did not abstain from anything [that a person performing Ḥajj would abstain from]…”[5] This report led many scholars to say that it is perfectly fine to cut one’s hair and nails during these days. This is the opinion that I lean towards. See Appendix below for a more detailed discussion about why scholars have differed on this issue.

Fast on the 9th Day

The 9th day of this month (Saturday, Aug. 10) is called “the day of ʿArafah” because that is the day the pilgrims performing Hajj gather in the plain of ʿArafah, just outside Makkah. It is highly recommended for people who are not performing Hajj to fast on this day. This is a special fast that the Prophet Muhammad said: “Fasting on the day of ʿArafah is an expiation for the preceding year and the following year.”[6] This meant that the fast is so rewarded that it helps to absolve a person of some of the sins they committed in the past and might do in the future.

So, one day before the Eid celebration, make sure to fast (MCC hosts an Arafat program with Dr. Ataie and an outdoor Iftar on the eve of Eid).

Summarized Table of What to Do this Month

1st-8th of Dhul Ḥijjah Recommended to fast and do good deeds
9th of Dhul Ḥijjah Highly recommended to fast
10th of Dhul Ḥijjah Eid prayer and animal sacrifice

Appendix

Muslims scholars have differed over whether or not there are any restrictions on cutting the nails or hair during the first ten days of Dhul Ḥijjah. This results from different approaches to dealing with the prophetic reports on the issue. There are two main pieces of evidence which result in three different opinions about how to understand them.

A: The prophetic report narrated by Umm Salamah states: “Whoever sights the crescent for the month of Dhul Ḥijjah and intends to sacrifice an animal should cut neither his hair nor his nails.”[7]

B: The prophetic report narrated by ʿĀ’ishah that: “…the Prophet sent a sacrificial animal to the Kaʿbah [while residing at Madīnah] but did not abstain from anything [that a person performing Ḥajj would abstain from]…”[8]

The first opinion is to affirm that both reports are equally authentic. Report A should be taken in its literal sense, but report B should be confined to only those who send a sacrificial animal, not those who sacrifice an animal within their own city.[9] The scholars who took this approach and said cutting nails and hair is forbidden for a person who intends to slaughter are Aḥmad ibn Ḥambal, Ibn Ḥazm, and Ṭaḥāwī [of the Ḥanafī school].[10]

The second opinion is to affirm both reports as equally authentic and that they are addressing the exact same issue, but understand that report A should not be taken literally as a prohibition, but rather as something disliked. The scholars who took this approach are ash-Shāfiʿī and some of Aḥmad ibn Ḥanbal’s students [such as Abū Yaʿlā].[11]

The third opinion is to prefer report B over report A, because it is of a higher standard of authenticity. Report A is also dismissed since it is contrary to analogy [qiyās] because if a person was supposed to refrain from cutting their nails and hair, they should have also been instructed to refrain from certain clothing, perfume, and intimacy, because that is what people who are performing Hajj must also do.[12] The scholars who took this approach and said there is nothing wrong with cutting the hair or nails are Abū Ḥanīfah and his students, Mālik and his students, and Sufyān al-Thawrī.[13]


[1] Al-Bukhārī
[2] “Allah’s messenger used to fast the [first] nine days of Dhul Ḥijjah…” Abū Dāwūd
[3] Muslim 3:1565, Abū Dā’ūd 3:94, Tirmidhī 4:102, Nasā’ī 7:211.
[4] Sharḥ al-Nawawī ʿalā Muslim 13:138-139. Al-Nawawī mentioned another possible reason as well which I prefer not to mention here.
[5] Bukhārī 7:102, Muslim 2:957.
[6] Muslim
[7] Muslim 3:1565, Abū Dā’ūd 3:94, Tirmidhī 4:102, Nasā’ī 7:211.
[8] Bukhārī 7:102, Muslim 2:957.
[9] `Awn al-Maʿbūd wa Ḥāshiyah ibn al-Qayyim ʿalā Sunan Abī Dāwūd 7:346, al-Istidhkār 4:84.
[10] al-Tirmidhī 4:102, Tuḥfah al-Aḥwadhī 5:99-100, Sharḥ Mushkil al-Āthār 14:141-143.
[11] Tuḥfah al-Aḥwadhī 5:99-100, `Awn al-Maʿbūd wa Ḥāshiyah ibn al-Qayyim ʿalā Sunan Abī Dāwūd 7:346.
[12] `Awn al-Maʿbūd wa Ḥāshiyah ibn al-Qayyim ʿalā Sunan Abī Dāwūd 7:347.
[13] Tuḥfah al-Aḥwadhī 5:99-100, al-Istidhkār 4:84.